How To Get A House Loan: Step by Step Guidance

By Da Alohas | Share :

Millions of urban Indians are now taking out housing loans to buy their ideal homes. Despite this, many people are unfamiliar with the house loan application procedure. Thus, many loan applications are refused, and borrowers find themselves in a financial predicament.

An Equated Monthly Instalment (EMI) is an amount lent by Housing Finance Companies (HFC) to individuals in return for a loaned amount of money (EMI). Homebuyers receive the money they need to purchase a house, but the bank holds on to the collateral until the loan is paid in full. On the other hand, banks do extensive due diligence on both the borrower and the property before making a disbursement. They also look into the borrower's financial situation; even the tiniest inconsistency might cause problems. As a result, getting a house loan is a difficult procedure that must be studied thoroughly.


Applying For A Home Loan

The first step in obtaining a house loan is applying to the bank. You must also furnish the bank with your personal information so that they can verify your eligibility for the loan. Most banks typically require the following documents:

  • Your Id proof
  • Your Address Proof
  • Your Age proof
  • Education Qualification Report
  • Employment Details
  • Bank Statements
  • Income Proof
  • Pan Card
  • Property Details

Payment Of Loan Processing Fees

To complete your loan, you will be charged a non-refundable fee by your bank. Processing costs typically range from 0.5 to 2 percent of the loan amount. In addition to the price, you'll be hit with an additional 18% GST tax. With this sum, banks begin and continue the house loan procedure.


To entice customers, several financial institutions have begun removing loan processing fees. You may be able to take advantage of this perk by negotiating with your bank. As a result, not all banks will be willing to give up the fees they charge for processing transactions.

Verification Of Candidate 

The bank will examine your application and determine your eligibility for a loan once you have submitted your application and paid the processing costs. Within 2-3 working days of filing your application, you'll be asked to meet with bank authorities in person so they can assess your repayment capacity.


Your loan application will be thoroughly vetted after the bank has had a face-to-face conversation with you. Bank staff will visit your business and home to verify the facts you supplied on your application. In addition, they will check your CIBIL records to see if the borrower has a good credit history.


Evaluation Of Repayment Capacity

The most critical step in the home loan application process is determining whether or not the applicant has the financial wherewithal to repay the loan. Whether your bank approves or rejects your home loan application will rely on how confident it is in your capacity to make timely payments on the principle and interest.


After receiving conditional loan approval, all the requirements must be met before the money may be transferred.

Home Loan Offer Letter

The bank now moves on to drafting an offer letter, which includes the following information:

  • The amount that has been sanctioned.
  • The interest rate is applicable.
  • Fixed or variable interest rates.
  • The term of the loan.
  • Repayment method.
  • Unique scheme (if appropriate).
  • A list of the loan's terms and conditions.

If you accept the terms of the offer letter, you must send a signed acceptance copy to the bank. When a bank receives an application, it will preserve a copy of it to record the application for future reference. The bank's administrative fees, if any, must be paid now.


Verification Of Property 

For the bank to disburse the loan, it will thoroughly investigate the property. When you apply for a mortgage, the bank may request copies of your title deed, no objection certificate, and other essential papers.


The property will be subject to a legal review to ensure the title is unambiguous and free of any encumbrances. The bank will also undertake a technical evaluation of your property. Under-construction properties are scrutinized by the bank, which considers various factors, including the project's location, stage, quality, and pace of development, before making an assessment.


Whenever a property is ready to be sold or resold by the bank, the bank evaluates its age, quality of construction, ownership, maintenance, and location. Based on established standards, bank-employed property appraisers determine the amount of loan that can be granted to a borrower.


Remember that your home loan is secured, and the collateral is your home. Because of this, your papers will only be returned to you after the loan is paid in full.

Home Loan Disbursal

Once the criteria above have been completed to your satisfaction, you may begin the house loan registration process.


Stamp papers of the proper denominations must be used to prepare all legal documents. Afterward, you'll be asked to sign the house loan agreement and submit post-dated checks for the agreed-upon payment period.


After signing the loan agreement, the loan disbursement procedure will commence. Your bank may disburse the loan amount or give it to you in a lump sum, depending on the agreed-upon disbursement method.




Final Words:- Before applying for a house loan, you should thoroughly grasp the home loan procedure and your responsibilities for repayment. When looking for the best interest rate on a house loan, it's a good idea to check with a few institutions. Additionally, you may keep an eye out for special offers and exemptions banks put out to recruit new customers. If you are paying more interest than your investments are earning, you might consider foreclosing on your loan. Make an educated decision based on thorough market research.

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